As promised back in 2016, the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) has increased property valuation table rates for real estate across 20 major cities of Pakistan.
This rise, based on another board commitment, will proceed gradually. By increasing table rates by 15% to 25%, the federal authority hopes to raise tax collection from the real estate sector from the existing PKR 50 billion to the PKR 75 billion marks.
THE PREVIOUS PRACTICE
The revised valuation tables have enabled FBR to reduce the disparity between the rates at which a property deal concludes and those notified in the transaction deed. Before the board publicized the valuation tables for the first time in July 2016, property taxes were calculated according to the Deputy Commissioner (DC) rates.
Current DC rates throughout Pakistan are lower by approximately 80% than their concerned properties’ corresponding market rates. This observation comes despite the fact that the rates had been increased by almost 50% two years ago.
THE PRIME MOTIVE
As has been publicly stated, the FBR needed another set of valuation tables to make real estate tax collection more feasible. Many people believe that the main motive behind this revision is to prevent investors from parking their undocumented money into the real estate sector.
According to the estimates shared in certain news reports recently, Pakistan’s real estate sector is worth PKR 7 trillion. In the 2017-18 period, however, the sector contributed only marginally to the national economy with a 0.1% GDP share – by contributing PKR 23 billion in taxes.
THE AMNESTY SCHEME
In order to help stakeholders adjust to the planned tax mechanism for the property sector, the FBR offered an amnesty scheme back in May 2018. Tax evaders throughout the country were encouraged to avail this concession before its term expired, with the threat of legal action in cases of noncompliance.
At the moment, the FBR is in talks with several foreign governments for obtaining details of offshore asset holders. Those who opted not to declare their local and overseas assets have started to receive official notices as a result.
Many economists are hopeful that should the operation be pursued in its true spirit, it will help the country recover trillions of rupees in terms of assets stacked offshore.
THE RECENT RISE
Presently, the FBR is short by PKR 188 billion in terms of the tax target set for the current fiscal year. With the recent rise in valuation table rates, the board intends to increase revenue collection and bring this difference down.
To achieve this goal, the FBR has increased property valuation rates in Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Multan, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Bahawalpur, Gujranwala, Mardan, Sukkur, Sahiwal, Gujrat, Sialkot, Sargodha, Jhelum, Jhang, and Abbottabad.
The following table will give you a better understanding of the new and old FBR rates applicable in your city:
|Lahore||Old FBR Rate per marla||New FBR rateper marla||Percentage rise|
|Bahria Education & medical City||110,500||132,600||20%|
|DHA Phase I||672,000||806,400||20%|
|DHA Phase II||552,000||662,400||20%|
|DHA Phase III||552,000||662,400||20%|
|DHA Phase III Y & Z Block||768,000||921,600||20%|
|DHA Phase IV||525,525||630,630||20%|
|DHA Phase V||420,000||504,000||20%|
|DHA Phase VI||405,000||486,000||20%|
|DHA Phase VII||321,750||386,000||19.97%|
|DHA Phase VIII||315,000||378,000||20%|
|DHA Phase IX & X||225,000||270,000||20%|
|DHA Rahbar Sector (Sadhoki)||338,000||405,600||20%|
|Bahria Nasheman (Attu Asal)||132,000||158,400||20%|
|DHA (Dulu Khurd)||338,000||405,600||20%|
|Fazaia Housing Scheme (Janjaty, Chak 62 & Kot Jeevan Mal)||221,000||265,200||20%|
|State Life Housing Scheme (Kamahan)||286,000||343,200||20%|
|Pak Arab Housing Scheme (Chandrai)||440,000||528,000||20%|
|Ghazi Road (Ferozepur Road to Jhatta Chowk)||880,000||1,056,000||20%|
|Gajjumatta & adjoining abadis||275,000||330,000||20%|
|Ferozepur Road (Kot Lakhpat to Gajjumatta)||1,100,000||1,320,000||20%|
|Gulberg Main Boulevard||1,116,000||1,339,200||20%|
|Gulberg I, II, III, IV & V||696,000||835,200||20%|
|DHA (Padri, Bhangali, Chak Bharat & Dhoori||584,000||700,800||20%|
|Sui Gas Society (Chung Punjgrain)||326,857||392,250||20%|
|New Lahore City (Sultankay/Sundar)||115,625||138,750||20%|
|Thokar to Shaukat Khanum Road||510,000||601,200||17.88%|
|Sui Gas Society (Kamahan)||260,000||312,000||20%|
|Khayaban-n-Jinnah To Raiwind Road (both sides)||494,000||592,800||20%|
|Raiwind Road (Thokar Chowk to Bhobatian)||270,125||324,150||20%|
|NFC Employees Cooperative Housing Scheme||302,150||362,580||20%|
|Johar Town (Main Roads)||583,000||699,600||20%|
|Category||Open plot per square yard||Built up property per square yard||Open plot per square yard||Built up property per square yard||per square foot|
|AreaKarachi||Residential Category||Commercial Category||Flats Category|
|Clifton Quarters Excluding Shireen Jinnah Colony||A-I||I||A-I|
|Defence Housing Authority Phase I, II, III & V||A-I||I||A-I|
|Defence Housing Authority Phase IV & VI||A-I||I||A-I|
|Defence Housing Authority Phase VII||A-I||I||A-I|
|Defence Housing Authority Phase VII Extension, Phase VIII & Phase VIII Extension||A-I||I||A-I|
|Dhoraji Cooperative Housing Society||A-I||I||A-I|
|K.D.A. Officers Housing Society||A-I||I||I|
|Muhammad Ali Cooperative Housing Society||A-I||I||A-I|
|Pakistan Employees Cooperative Housing Society||A-I||A-I||A-I|
|Abdullah Haroon Road||I||A-I||I|
|I.i. Chundrigar Road||I||A-I||I|
|M.A Jinnah Road||I||I||I|
|North Nazimabad (excluding Block P,Q)||I||I||I|
|Queens Road Quarters||I||A-I||I|
|Federal B Area||II||II||III|
|Gulshan-e-Iqbal Excluding Block-17||II||II||III|
|north nazimabad block pqst||II||II||II|
|Buffer Zone 14-A, 14-A, 15-A-1, 15-AIIM 1||III||I||III|
|North Karachi (All Sectors except 1 to 6 )||III||III||III|
|Landhi Township KDA||IV||IV||IV|
|Manghopir Road & Adjacent Locality||VI||VI||VI|
|Islamabad Sector||Property Type||FBR Rates per square yard||Percentage rise|
The FBR is committed to reducing the difference in property fair market values and real time prices. This naturally calls for a steady increase in rates.
The board previously hinted about increasing the rates gradually in every successive year, but it didn’t revise them back in 2018. In order to compensate for this lapse, many people expect that the authority will reveal a new table of rates in the upcoming 2019-20 budget.
With rates set to increase twice in one year, there is discernible fear in some circles that the move will adversely affect the real estate market. Several property experts are of the opinion that together with a PKR 5 million limit imposed on non-filers, the new FBR rates will make parking black money in the real estate sector even more difficult.
According to an FBR official, the board wants valuation table rates to fall close to 80% of property market values. Currently, the FBR rates read lower by 40% on this metric. Furthermore, the board is looking to remove all signs of this disparity at both the provincial and federal levels.
So simply put, what’s coming next is another rise in valuation table rates and the DC rates. This process of gradual increments will continue until the rates notified by the provincial and federal governments are lower than 20% of an average piece of property’s market value.